Contemporary dating and its harm
"The Tragedy of the Commons," Garrett Hardin, Science, 162(1968):1243-1248. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution.At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to worsen the situation.''  I would like to focus your attention not on the subject of the article (national security in a nuclear world) but on the kind of conclusion they reached, namely that there is no technical solution to the problem.How it is conventionally conceived needs some comment.It is fair to say that most people who anguish over the population problem are trying to find a way to avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy.In a finite world this means that the per-capita share of the world's goods must decrease. A fair defense can be put forward for the view that the world is infinite or that we do not know that it is not.But, in terms of the practical problems that we must face in the next few generations with the foreseeable technology, it is clear that we will greatly increase human misery if we do not, during the immediate future, assume that the world available to the terrestrial human population is finite.  A finite world can support only a finite population; therefore, population growth must eventually equal zero.
However, given an infinite source of energy, population growth still produces an inescapable problem.  The arithmetic signs in the analysis are, as it were, reversed; but Bentham's goal is unobtainable.
It is easy to show that the class is not a null class. Consider the problem, "How can I win the game of tick-tack-toe?
" It is well known that I cannot, if I assume (in keeping with the conventions of game theory) that my opponent understands the game perfectly.
This energy is utilized for two purposes: mere maintenance and work.
For man maintenance of life requires about 1600 kilocalories a day ("maintenance calories").